A houseplant, sometimes known as a pot plant, potted plant, or indoor plant, is an ornamental plant grown indoors. As such, they are found in places like residences and offices, mainly for decoration. Common houseplants are usually tropical or semi-tropical, often epiphytes, succulents, or cacti. Before Learning Houseplants That Go Dormant In Winter or DO HOUSEPLANTS GO DORMANT IN WINTER? let’s first its types!
5+ HOUSEPLANT TYPES
Types from a selection of the main categories that apply to indoor plant:- ∙ COMMON HOUSE PLANTS:-
Common and popular plants inside many homes include the Spider plant, Aloe Vera, Peace Lily, Jade plant weeping fig, and many others.
∙ FLOWING PLANTS
It is impossible to resist growing flowering plant types indoors. The color and beauty add that extra touch to our homes.
∙ INDOOR PALM PLANTS
Indoor palm-type plants have wide popular varieties, including the parlor palm, kentia, Sentry, Lady, Sago, and others.
∙ SUCCULENT PLANTS
The list of succulent plants that can be grown indoors successfully is nearly endless. There are many beautiful species.
∙ HANGING BASKET PLANTS
Hanging basket house plants are fabulous and displayed within some regions of the home. Conservatories are the most appropriate place to grow these.
∙ TRAILING & CLIMBING PLANTS
Some trail and others climb. These plants are fascinating to grow indoors, and it is easy to start ‘learning to grow.’
Various species are suitable for planting to display and grow during Christmas. The color and ability to flower during winter make them famous.
DO HOUSEPLANTS GO DORMANT IN WINTER?
Many plants go dormant in winter. If you garden outdoors, you can look out the window during winter months and see that your perennials and deciduous trees have gone dormant. They have dropped all their leaves. Case closed.
According to Costa Farm’s horticulturist Justin Hancock, there are some misperceptions about winter dormancy and houseplants. “Houseplants do not go dormant as many people think,” he says. They do, however, react to the climatic changes in your home. Your home is dryer in the winter. Hot, dry air from furnaces, space heaters, and fireplaces (which also means less humidity) is a factor in the decrease in houseplant growth. Dryer conditions may also contribute to leaf drop.
Moreover, as everyone knows, light affects plant growth. The double whammy of winter’s lower light levels and shorter days means that some houseplants react to less light by putting the brakes on new development.
According to Hancock, your houseplants are not going dormant; they are simply reacting to their new winter living conditions and are conserving energy. However, he says that you can counteract winter’s effects by making some changes indoors. Adding more humidity makes life in a hotter, dryer living room more hospitable. Moreover, you can help change light conditions. “You can augment with artificial lights,” he says. “Or you can move plants nearer to a window blocked by a deciduous tree, and you might find your houseplants grow a little more in winter,” says Hancock.
Oh, and if you want to repot your plants, go ahead, says Hancock. “Repotting in winter is just fine,” he says. However, do not overwater. Hancock cautions houseplant parents not to confuse lack of growth with the need for more water. “You need to be more cognizant about not overwatering them if they are not growing as fast.”
DO SUCCULENT HOUSEPLANTS HAVE A DORMANT PERIOD?
Like most plants, succulents will grow at a different rate all year round. With fluctuations in temperature, most succulents will go through phases where they grow less (dormancy) or more (actively growing).
The extent to which a succulent will go dormant, and variation in care needs based on dormancy, has a lot to do with the climate where they are grown.
While succulents can be placed into general categories of summer or winter growers, this is not a hard fast rule. Most experts agree that succulents are “opportunistic growers,”–meaning they will grow when conditions are right and slow down when they are not ideal.
So, let us dive deeper into what being an opportunistic grower means in terms of succulent dormancy and, therefore, succulent care.
Minimum Temperature Tolerance
The range of temperatures succulents can tolerate is impressive, but not all species can handle the same temperatures. There are cold hardy succulents like Sempervivum and very tender succulents like Echeveria.
This refers to the minimum temperatures a succulent can tolerate. Most will not survive scorching temperatures and will burn.
Sempervivum will tolerate frost, snow, and ice but does not love the heat. Echeverias do not mind some heat but cannot handle extended freezing temperatures.
Echeverias and Sempervivums will thrive during spring and fall when temperatures are more temperate. This tends to be confirmed with most succulent species.
Extreme heat and cold will cause most succulents to enter survival mode (aka… dormancy) until things return to a more tolerable temperature.
Two Echeveria varieties with Sedum dasyphyllum mixed in
Even succulents considered “summer growers” will slow down growth during the year’s hottest months. There will be exceptions, but the central city of succulents will thrive in milder temperatures.
Succulents need water… most of the time:-
The most extensive discussion around succulent dormancy is when succulents need more or less frequent watering. When a succulent is dormant, it is trying to survive, not grow. This means it will not take up as much water and prefers to be left alone.
However, if it never goes into survival mode, it will keep growing and taking in water. This is why succulents grown indoors can be watered at nearly the same rate year-round.
The key to keeping succulents happy is watering only when the soil is dry and paying attention to the leaves. Like the forum member said, your succulents will tell you what they need… you have to know what to look for.
As a general rule, succulents going into survival mode during cold periods will need little to no water–it depends on how hard the temperature gets. Assuming the plant is frost tolerant, if “cold” is 50 degrees Fahrenheit it will keep growing more than if cold is 5 degrees Fahrenheit.
Succulent dormancy for heat is a different story. While they may not actively take up water when temperatures peak during the summer, most succulents want their roots to stay calm. They are likely focusing on developing deeper roots to withstand heat and drought better.
You will still water less than usual, but utterly withholding water can cause them to dry up too much and die.
Aeoniums tend to show off whether they enjoy the weather or want to go into hiding. Take a look at this discussion for some great examples.
If you have Aeoniums outdoors during scorching temperatures, they will appreciate some water to keep their roots cool.
You have likely realized by now that knowing what varieties of succulents you own is essential in keeping them healthy year-round. Please take a look at my post on succulent identification to get help identifying your succulents.
5+ HOUSEPLANTS THAT GO DORMANT IN WINTER
If you have noticed slow growth during the colder months with many of your houseplants, chances are they are experiencing some winter dormancy. Plants that go through this phase should be cared for, not discarded, as the total growth you know and love will return once the weather starts to warm up.
Having one or more of these houseplants in your collection will let you see what winter dormancy looks like versus periods of stress and help to give you an idea of when a plant is too far gone as opposed to when it is going through a natural cycle:
∙ Marble queen photos
∙ Chinese evergreen
∙ Aloe Vera
∙ Snake plant
∙ Fiddle leaf fig
Moreover, this is just the beginning. Whether it is slow growth or leaf drop, most houseplants will experience winter dormancy because that is just the natural order. Be mindful of your plant care routine in the winter, and you will have no trouble keeping your plant babies alive through to the next growing season.
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House plants make a beautiful addition to any indoor space. However, when selecting indoor plants, care must be taken about the condition in which they will be grown. Suitable light, temperature, and humidity must be present for the plants to thrive and be appropriately located. If you maintain these things, you will have a great outlook on your interior throughout the year.