We use various materials in the agriculture sector for better yield. Coco coir is a significant item on this list. Coir, commonly known as coconut fiber, is a natural material collected from the coconut husk. It is mainly used in agriculture, mats, crafts, and other daily-use items.
The color is situated between a coconut’s outer coat and inner coat. We can collect coco coir as two variants. The first is brown coir – taken from the ripe coconut, and the second is white coconut – taken from the unripe coconut. Brown coir is mainly used for agriculture.
Can you grow plants in coco coir?
- Coco coir is the best medium for plant growth. We can grow both seedlings and mature plants in it. Wet it every time before you plant to ensure the moisture level of the coco coir. We can also use coco coir in gardening containers.
- You can mix it with soil and place it in the pot. It will help for the better development and growth of the plants. You can also mix some perlites with the coco coir for air circulation, especially in the root area. Coco coir will help the soil’s moisture retention, and it will help the plant in dehydration.
- We can grow various plants in coco coir because every plant acts as a potting material. Every plant can get benefit from coco coir. We can use coco coir from every exotic plant to common flowering plants. It will help the supercharge in your agriculture field.
- It helps the plant to retain water and maintain moisture. Compared to peat, coco coir is neutral in the case of pH level. It has a high ability to hold moisture that helps water plants at a lesser frequency. You can grow plants in coco coir without any doubt.
Is coco coir suitable for plants?
- Coco coir is a significant ingredient in farming. In modern agriculture, coco coir is a soil alternative for garden use. We can find a growing medium for plants, including soil, coco coir, clay…etc. Coco coir can use alone or combined with others like soil and clay.
- You are using De – covering husks and making them into coco peat by removing fibers. Coco coir assures you a high yield and lesser time in harvesting. So, it needs plants. However, it can not contain nutrients that are present in the soil. In this case, you must add nutrients to it. There is also a benefit; you can calculate precisely how small amount of nutrients your plant needs.
- There is no need to test the medium contents like in the case of soil. The pH level is always neutral in coco coir. Moreover, plants that grow in coco coir are lesser affected by pathogens that are spread in the soil.
- It helps in sustainable agriculture programs. It is the best choice for those opting to run a waste system. It is highly affordable to farmers and also biodegradable. Due to these reasons, coco coir is a good choice for plants.
Is coco coir suitable for drainage?
- Numerous plants can be supported by coco coir. It can give a home for succulents when combined with rocks in a pot with adequate drainage because of its good drainage and aeration, ensuring that roots do not become overwatered and rot.
- The texture of clay or sandy soil can be improved by adding coco coir, an excellent addition to the garden and will help plants develop strong roots. Additionally, it will make it possible for plants to absorb extra nutrients while being fed and watered.
- To cultivate your preferred crops, you can combine coir with fertilizer, compost, and soil in raised beds. Plants are given a chance to develop in a more nutrient-rich environment by mixing coir.
- When first wet, peat moss tends to shed water; however, coconut coir is more tolerant of water than peat moss. Coir uses less water and requires less time to saturate.
- Despite claims to the contrary, coir only typically holds 8 to 9 times its weight in water, compared to sphagnum peat moss’s potential to save 10 to 20 times its weight. Products made of peat and coco coir also have a variety of textures, which can affect how well they can store water.
Pros & Cons of using coco coir for house plants
- Sustainability:- The sustainability of coconut coir is just one of the many benefits of planting in it. Coconut coir may be recycled, unlike other planting materials, such as peat moss. Additionally, unlike peat moss, obtained from bogs that are increasingly disappearing, coir is a by-product of recycling coconut husk. Approximately 150 nuts can be produced annually by a mature coconut palm. Coconuts that have been harvested and cleaned wind up in our supermarkets, but all that shaggy coir was historically thrown away or burned, adding to our carbon pollution issues. The material is made with minimum energy and is lightweight for shipping, thanks to contemporary techniques.
- Increases aeration and holds onto the water – Coir is renowned for its capacity to offer excellent aeration, which is fantastic for plants. Proponents of coconut coir also praise its ability to hold ten times its weight in water. The roots of plants grown in hydroponic systems containing coir absorb nutrients more quickly than those grown in soil mixtures. Your plants will need significantly less watering if you use it as a planting medium.
- Usefulness and lack of problems – Coir’s pH neutrality is one of its advantages. Although coconut coir experts typically advise combining the product with other plant amendments, you can also use it. Additionally, it has anti-fungal qualities and many pests stay away from it, which reduces insect and disease issues.
- Cost-wise– coir is reasonably priced, mainly if you buy it in compressed forms. To have it expand to nearly twice its original size, you must bathe it. This results in a plant substrate that is light and portable.
- Various options to pick from – The material coconut coir comes in multiple forms. Since coconut pith, also known as coconut peat, is so absorbent, mixing it with other materials is probably a good idea. Superior aeration and easy oxygenation of plant roots are made possible by coco fibers. Coco chips are fantastic when incorporated into the soil because they produce air spaces and help the soil retain some water.
- It may be challenging to locate – at least locally. I discovered one bag at a Walmart two or three years ago. I had to order it after doing a lot of searching. Additionally, the coir I ordered came in a block that was challenging to decompose before being wet.
- Too much salt in the product caused some gardeners to suffer the drawbacks of coconut coir. The electrical conductivity of water in an overly salty growth media might hinder or prevent plant roots from absorbing moisture. Nutrient absorption may also be hampered by it. This frequently occurs when workers who collect the coir rinse the finished product in saltwater rather than freshwater. Before making a purchase, find out who the distributor is for the product. If the price seems too good to be true, read the fine print and, if necessary, call the business. The product’s salt content has the potential to be highly problematic.
- Contains no nutrients – Nutrient addition is one of the other disadvantages of planting in coir because it is an inert (no nutrients) medium. Although many of you anticipate having nutrients in your potting medium, I prefer to conduct my fertilization. To extract some of the nutrients, you can combine coir with another soil combination at a 50/50 ratio, but you will probably still need to add fertilizer. Additionally, coir tends to retain calcium, magnesium, and iron. You may need to locate a formula that contains additional nutrients of those listed since it readily has and releases the majority of other nutrients due to high cation exchange.
Coco coir v/s coco peat
- Raw material: Coconut fibers are used to make coco coir, while coconut husks make coco peat (also known as coco pith).
- Drainage and aeration: Coco peat is excellent for plants that require more water than coco coir since it is more absorbent and holds more moisture. Because of its superior drainage and aeration qualities, coco coir is advantageous.
- Cation Exchange Capacity: Coco coir is excellent for plants that require more nutrients because it has a higher cation exchange capacity and is more mold-resistant.
- Texture: While coco coir is fibrous and gritty, coco peat is soft and fluffy.
- Color: Coco coir is dark or reddish-brown, while coco peat is typically white or light brown.
How to prepare Coco coir Bricks?
- Place the brick in a sizable container; keep in mind that, once moistened, the brick will swell five to seven times its original size.
- Add warm water to the brick’s surface. Bricks can be purchased in various weights; a fair rule of thumb is 4/5 gallons per 5-kilo brick when determining how much water to add.
- Give the water at least 15 minutes to soak.
- After being absorbed, the coco coir should be fluffed until it has the desired soil-like consistency.
How to use coco coir for house plants?
Due to its ability to retain moisture and superior aerobic properties, coir peat is the best growing medium for indoor plants. To ensure that water can disperse quickly and air can circulate, indoor plants need soil that is loose and open in texture. If the framework is too flimsy, the water will just run through, and the roots will not be able to absorb any moisture at all.
The most important thing to remember while preparing coco coir for indoor plants is that you only need as much material for use in the garden. We advise selecting the smallest coco peat block available for indoor planting. A coco coir brick cannot be broken apart before it is moistened due to its density.
After indoor potting plants, if you discover that you have extra coir, keep in mind that coco peat can be recycled and stored for several months.
The “main” nutrients found in Coco Boost must be supplied during preparation if you want to grow indoor plants in coco coir.
Coco coir in hydroponics
Both indoors and outdoors, hydroponic gardening refers to the process of growing plants without the use of soil. Coir is suitable for hydroponic farming and has the potential to produce good outcomes because it is theoretically a soil substitute.
The coir must be thoroughly cleaned before being prepared for a hydroponic system. Coir might be vulnerable to salt retention due to its high absorbency. In a hydroponic system, too much salt can be harmful; before planting, give the system a thorough washing with fresh water to help avoid this.
- Also Read
- Coco Coir Perlite Mix: Does Coco Coir Need Perlite?
- 4 Best Perlite For Indoor Plants (Guide)
- 5 Best Beneficial Bacteria For Coco Coir (Explained!)
Do you combine soil and coco coir?
For plants, adding coco coir to existing garden soil can be beneficial. The coir will loosen the texture of clay soil, preventing waterlogging while bringing a flexible balance of water retention and natural drainage.
Can we overwater coco coir?
Overwatering is the effect of frequent watering of cocoa. When utilizing coco, the soil must be at least 50% dry before being watered. Occasionally, especially in the first few weeks, when most of the roots are forming, 70% dry may be preferable. Since there is no air where there is water, the seeds must also have access to oxygen.
Can you use up coco coir?
Due to its durability as a plant fiber, dry coco coir does not spoil or go bad. Nevertheless, coco coir is biodegradable and will eventually disappear if left in the ground or outdoors.
Coco coir is the best medium to grow both indoor and outdoor plants. It is perfect for drainage. It increases aeration and a great water capacity. You can mix it with soil and place it in the pot. It will help for the better development and growth of the plants. If we clear some factors, which are detailed in this article, must be analyzed before using coco coir.